A New Diagnostic Model For Identifying Urban Problems

How can city planners ensure they are diagnosing urban problems, such as blight, correctly? Implementing solutions based on a wrong diagnosis harms residents and business. One way to avoid a wrong diagnosis is to base the diagnosis on knowledge already on record about the problems.

There are two dictionary definitions of diagnosis but each definition leads to a different decision model for diagnosing problems, causes and solutions.

In the first definition, diagnosis is defined as the analysis of the cause(s) or nature of a problem.

This model is often used by city planners to diagnose problems such as urban blight. Undesirable phenomena (such as physical deterioration of buildings or neighborhoods) are identified as problems and the possible causes are then analysed. Solutions are designed to influence the causes. Published data is also used to describe the problems and validate solutions.

But these undesirable phenomena are often subjective and personal observations; in some studies they have been identified as blight. There may also be multiple causes of these observations ranging from neglect to lack of maintenance and these causes have also been labelled as blight as well. Studies have indicated that a diagnosis of observations and their likely causes will be speculative and based on assumptions.

In the second definition, diagnosis is defined as the act of identifying a health problem, specifically a disease or an illness, based on prior knowledge of the problem. The medical decision model depends on recorded knowledge to diagnose health problems and has been successfully used, discussed and tested by physicians throughout the world for centuries.

The simple idea behind this model is that recorded knowledge about a problem is necessary before it can be identified.

If this medical model is applied to diagnosing problems in cities it will be to identify problems based on recorded knowledge. This knowledge is gained from professional training about the structure and functioning of cities and from published updates from recognized sources.

The point of this model is that the practitioner, whether a physician or a city planner, must have recorded knowledge about a problem, its causes and its solution before it can be diagnosed.

Recorded knowledge about problems, causes and solutions is required whether health problems such as diseases or urban problems such as blight are be diagnosed correctly. If there is limited or no knowledge about a problem it can not be diagnosed, even if the observations are considered undesirable.The same applies to causes and solutions.

While published data is essential for diagnosing problems in the medical model it is optional in the model based on identifying causes where it is often used to describe observations and/or their causes or to validate conclusions.

There are therefore very good reasons for city planners to use the medical decision model when diagnosing urban problems to ensure that their diagnosis is correct.

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Global Warming: The Effects of Climate Change On Human Settlements in Urban Areas

A Review of the Risks, Vulnerabilities and Impact of Climate Change on the Urban Community

Throughout the world, global warming presents increasing risk factors than can be linked directly to the regional vulnerabilities and the economic conditions associated with urban communities. Some of the problems are a direct result of the expansion of urban environments. Therefore some of the solutions must center upon how urban communities address the growth factor. Although the degree and intensity of cause and effect depends upon the given size of the community, the environmental characteristics of the community, and the economic conditions within the community, this report avoids such in-depth examination. Rather than trying to address every aspect and solution, look instead at a generalized review of human settlements in urban regions and how global warming affects the community and the associated industry and infrastructure of the settlement.

Urban Adaptation to Climate Change and the Associated Risks

According to Csmonitor, over half of the global population resides, builds and functions within urban communities. Such tight-knit regions produce an undesirable by-product in the form of “greenhouse” gas effects. Furthermore, poor communities often lack the technology to manage growth while regulating the emission of “greenhouse” gases. Thus the rapid growth of urban cities in low-to-middle income countries also increases the growth of communities at risk to extreme weather changes.

Addressing the problem can with governmental management of infrastructure, managed land-use and development of a strong ecosystem helps, but not all countries are capable of initiating such actions. Thus the risks factors continue to grow, and the effect is global rather than merely local. Building reliable resilience while also enabling sustainable urban development demands leveraged support of climate change adaptation. A support system that does not always deliver a resource-efficient solution to the growing problem of global warming and the associated climate changes hinders the resilience of the project.

The internal composition of most cities revolves around an inter-dependent system than can be managed but that can also be limited by medium confidence in limited submitted evidence. But when the evidence mounts and the management system delivers assurance of co-benefits, a powerful rise in support follows. The urban community suddenly realizes a resource-efficient method for addressing global warming and the associated climate changes.

As the risks linked to global warming accumulate, the negative impacts on human settlements, human health and local economies also accumulate. Sea levels rise. Storms surge. The increase in flooding, landsides and water scarcity cannot be ignored. Air pollution, drought and heat stress drive up the costs of air filtration, water supplies and even home air conditioning. Excessive energy consumption becomes the norm. According to the 2014 WGII AR5 Final Draft, by the year 2100 the cost of air conditioning will increase global energy demands by up to 30-fold.

Changes in the climate impact almost every range of urban infrastructure, including sanitation and drainage, energy and water resources, transportation, and communication. Is the services arena, urban dwellers can expect a rise in risk factors associated with emergency services and personal health care response times. From economic stress factors to household well-being, the methods or managing urban communities will play a major role in future balance of the environmental and ecosystem services of the world.

For individuals, climate change affects multiple areas of life, including individual and family assets, personal health, and the methods of maintaining a decent livelihood. Yet in the human settlements that lack in essential services and infrastructure, provisions for adaptation are limited and the risks factors are explosive.

But all is not gloom and doom. Urban adaptation begins now and can be incremented toward a sustainable alignment with risk governance. From the private sector to the power of local and community governmental resources, the opportunities for immediate action is possible even if not currently realized in practice. It begins with a strong urban government that is capable of assessing and integrating a local regulatory framework that generates local support and confidence. It requires planning, design and allocation of resources and manpower. And it needs to be processed in incremental and transformative solutions that further increase the urban confidence in adaptation outcomes.


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The Urban Warrior’s Way to Health, Wealth, Happiness and Good Looks By Barefoot Doctor

The Urban Warriors Way to Health, Wealth, Happiness and Good Looks by the Barefoot Doctor is certainly and interesting audio work. The title of this particular CD series is certainly one that will draw in people’s attention. And why would in not? It seemingly promises quite a lot. But, can it deliver? Well, it really is not up to the material to deliver as much as it is up to the listener to put the material on the CDs to good use. Thankfully, the Barefoot Doctor has produced a well organized and intelligent series that covers its subject matter in such a way it is pretty easy to follow the path to attaining your goals.

There are 8 complete “official” compact disks and 3 bonus ones in this set. The Urban Warriors Way to Health, Wealth, Happiness and Good Looks covers its very diverse subject matter from a variety of perspectives. This is a good thing because a large and diverse crowd of people will be listening to the material found on the compact disks. No matter what you are looking for there is something on these CDs to meet your needs and expectations. Could you really ask for anything more in a self-help audio series?

The material in these CDs may be newly organized and presented but the theories are thousands of years old. That is a good thing because we have two millenniums to examine how well the material works. The material in the CDs is rooted in the classic Taoist concept of “The Way”. Such principles are based on sound theories that can guide you to making the right decisions in life. And yes, these decisions will help you improve your overall wellness, financial situation, and personal happiness. While many self-help systems claim the ability to deliver these outcomes, they falter when it comes to the actual deliver. Since The Urban Warriors Way to Health, Wealth, Happiness and Good Looks by the Barefoot Doctor is based on The Tao, it can certainly deliver on expectations.

Basic Taoist theories of visualization and meditational concentration are employed to help you attain your goals. Some may not believe these classic methods can help you modify the way in which you approach achieving your goals. To be skeptical of these methodologies is to be shortsighted. These strategies do work and have worked for thousands of years. You just need to learn how to apply them to your situation in life.

How can you apply them? The answer to this is found in The Urban Warriors Way to Health, Wealth, Happiness and Good Looks by the Barefoot Doctor. All you have to do would be to listen to the words on the compact disks. Listen and re-listen to the material time and time again. You will be pleased with the results. Your whole life may change…for the better.

There are many self-help and self-improvement CDs on the market. Few of them, however, can match the quality of The Urban Warriors Way to Health, Wealth, Happiness and Good Looks by the Barefoot Doctor. Consider this compact disk series a must have for those that are fans of the genre.