What is urban planning? Urban planning is an aspect of landscape architecture that is concerned with the control of the use of land and design of the urban environment, including transportation networks, to guide and ensure the orderly development of communities. It concerns itself with the potentials and problems of urban areas relate to the built environment and its underlying social, economic, political, and legal structure and related public policies. Research and analysis, strategic thinking, urban design, policy recommendations, implementation and management are expected within this field.
The modern origins of urban planning lie in the movement for urban reform that arose as a reaction against the disorder of the industrial city in the mid-19th century. Urban planning can include urban renewal, by adapting urban planning methods to existing cities suffering from decline. In the late-20th century the term sustainable development has come to represent an ideal outcome in the sum of all planning goals. It concerns itself with research and analysis, strategic thinking, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation and management.
An urban design can take a variety of forms including: strategic plans, comprehensive plans, neighborhood plans, regulatory and incentive strategies, or historic preservation. Planners are often also responsible for enforcing the chosen policies. An urban planner must be able to deal with both short and long range planning and projects at various scales.
What started as industrial cities in the mid-19th century has quickly turned into design sustainable developments that adhere to health and safety regulations for the masses. While there are many professionals who specialize in either fixing issues in existing developments or designing new ones, urban planning is usually executed by a group of individuals with specific skills and backgrounds. To be a part of this growing field, one must attend an urban planning school.
The years ahead promise new developments and challenges to the ever-broadening profession. So how does one get started pursuing this must needed profession? First you need to look into landscape architecture programs from the renowned landscape architecture schools that offer fully accredited landscape architecture degrees. A graduate degree in landscape design or work equivalent is required in order to obtain a landscape architecture license. And going to one of the top landscape architecture schools could ensure a bright future of urban designing planning ahead of you! Don’t wait on it, take charge of your own career choice and start today with urban designing and planning!